Brazilian Jiu Jitsu: What Equipment You Need

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu- What Equipment You Need

If you want to start with this martial art, you do not know, especially as a beginner, what equipment you need at all. This is exactly where this article comes in. It should help you to find the right items for you and your specific needs. In addition, you can use the article as a checklist, so that you don’t stand there without something elementary during your first training. Read our another article what clothes are needed for Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?

The protective equipment

Since it is a combat sport, injuries can occur. So that these injuries occur as rarely as possible, there are various protective equipment. What they are, how to use them and what you need as a beginner, we tell you in the following lines. After all, safety comes first in martial arts.

The mouthguard:

As it is known from combat transmissions, it is a mouthguard that is either intended only for the upper jaw or protects the upper and lower jaw at the same time. To prevent the mouthguard from flying out of your mouth during a fight, manufacturers include instructions on how to adjust the mouthguard to fit you. The mouthguard absorbs the blows and prevents injuries or broken teeth.

The Groin Guard:

This protection is specifically for the male athletes. The groin protector has a hard plastic insert and a jockstrap. As a result, it fits securely and protects the male genitalia from injury.

The shin guard:

This guard is meant to protect the shin. It usually has Velcro closures to adjust the protection optimally. Breathable equipment improves the wearing comfort enormously.

The joint protectors:

The joint protectors have a reinforced or padded part that absorbs the force of the blows. These joint protectors are available for the feet or ankles.


Bandages sometimes have a reinforced part and are elastic, for example to protect the elbow or thumb. Or they have the reinforced part and a bandage that can be wrapped, such as to protect the entire hand.

The head protection:

Especially the most important part of the body should be protected for beginners and adolescents. Even an experienced adult martial artist can not hurt the protection of the head. Here there are three areas that can be protected.

Once the hair, with a hood. With this, the opponent can not intentionally or unintentionally reach into the hair and pull it. The ears are also sensitive and can be injured by a strong pull or blow on them. Here, an ear protector, the so-called Ear Guard provides a remedy.

There is also a complete head guard. This covers the hair and ears and protects the head from strong hits and the possible, sometimes not harmless consequences.

The training equipment

If you’re really serious about it, you need to add suitable training items to your Brazilian Jiu Jitsu equipment. After all, as an ambitious athlete, you also want to hone your techniques at home or further improve your fitness and strength levels. What you need for this, we now tell you.

The Grappling Dummy:

It is either a part that is supposed to represent the body and instead of arms, legs and head has loops, or it is a real dummy whose arms and legs are free to move. Such a dummy is life-size and has two decisive advantages, it has infinite patience and has no sense of pain.

To better practice various techniques, some models have recessed grips. Depending on the filling, such a dummy can weigh 50 kilograms. This not only allows perfect practice of grips and techniques, but also trains the martial artist’s endurance.

The throwing dummy:

This is also a dummy with arms, legs and head in life size and corresponding weight. Throwing dummies and grappling dummies are very similar.

One difference is that a dummy is usually filled by yourself and a throwing dummy comes filled with optimal, sometimes multiple, stitches. It is meant to practice throwing techniques, but can also be used for ground drills.


Here we distinguish between barbells and dumbbells, gym dumbbells and kettleballs. Barbells and dumbbells are ahead in Europe, kettleballs have the edge in the States.


This term basically hides round dumbbells. So they look spherical and have been fitted with a handle. These are gaining more and more popularity. They are flexible and can be used in gymnastics and weight training.

Exercises for which a ball is usually taken can be done with kettleballs. Kettleballs start at 2 kilograms and can weigh up to 40 kilograms, occasionally more. Here, the weight of the individual kettleball cannot be changed.

Gymnastics dumbbells:

These dumbbells are not produced from metal, but from a material with a good grip. Gymnastics dumbbells are available from 500 grams and are popular with athletes who want to train with weights, but do not want to lift too much weight, such as Nordic walking.

The dumbbell:

Here there is a short handle bar to which various weights can be attached. There are a large number of exercises that are perfect for the dumbbell. The weight of a dumbbell is usually between 500 grams and 5 kilograms.

The barbell:

Here it is a long handle bar, which can be equipped with different weights. The barbell is usually loaded with a lot of weight, more than 100 kilograms is not uncommon. It is used, for example, in Olympic weightlifting.

Which dumbbell is the best depends on the exercises you want to perform and your personal preferences.